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The House of Europe organizes a series of events devoted to Europe’s outstanding contribution to science research and development, nature protection and the new digital economy.
The first event will be entitled “Europe’s Contribution to Scientific Research”, and will take place on Friday, April 22, 2016, at 19:30, at the “George Karagiannis” Hall of the Chamber of Dodecanese.
European Southern Observatory (ESO) A hotspot European frontier research in the Chilean Andes. 50 years of supply.
The European Southern Observatory is one of the largest international astronomical research organizations with fourteen European member countries. It has state-of-the-art facilities for observing the Southern Sky by European astronomers. The ESO contributes significantly to international cooperation on astronomical research. Today, 52 years later, ESO has a number of remarkable telescopes; it has introduced revolutionary astronomical technology and is in the process of building the world’s largest terrestrial telescope.
ESO manages three world-class observatories in the Chilean Atacama desert:
- La Silla, 2400 meters north of Santiago, Chile. It is equipped with various optical telescopes measuring up to 3.6 meters in diameter and the New Technology Telescope (NTS), where the technology of active optics
- Paranal, this is the spearhead with the Very Large Telescope VLT consisting of four main eight-meter telescopes and four 1.8 meter diameter auxiliaries.
- Chajnantor, which includes the ALMA radio magnetometer, a large array of 66 parabolic antennae, 12 and 7 meters in diameter, at an altitude of 5,000 meters, which, when operating interconnected, corresponds to a giant antenna 14 km in diameter.
- The Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT), an extremely large construction that will be completed in 2024. With a main mirror diameter of 39 meters, it will be the largest earth observatory in the world, the largest eye of humanity in the Universe
The discoveries made at ESO are numerous, including the detection of the farthest explosion of c-rays, the confirmation of the accelerated expansion of the Universe, a detailed picture of the stars circling the oversized black hole in the center of our Milky Way, the first an exoplanet photo (a planet outside our solar system), the discovery of many more “exoplanets” and the measurement of their atmosphere, the first generation of stars in the Universe and some extremely remote galaxies of the Sym Anto. The E-ELT and the other large telescopes in Chile are meant to give many more discoveries in the years that come between them and the measurement of the dark mass and dark energy parameters of the Universe.
For all these achievements, the most competent speakers will speak to us, Dr. Danielle Alloin, who has been ESO’s Scientific Director for Chile for years.
Danielle Alloin is a graduate of the École Normale Supérieure, a researcher at the Astrophysics Institute in Paris, the Observatory of Nice and Meudon in France and a researcher at Saclay’s Atomic Research Center. For a long time (1998-2004) she was the scientific director of the Astronomy Center of the European Southern Observatory in Santiago, Chile
Europe: Innovation without limits in Science and Technology
Over the last decades, Europe’s scientific and technological achievements are indisputable, with the result that research and development activities form an integral part of the European economy. The contribution of European scientists to cutting-edge research is extremely important and Europe has demonstrated some of the most prominent researchers in the world, in various scientific disciplines, particularly science, space science, physical particle physics and engineering.
More specifically, in the field of Physics in the Europe of 28, more than 15 million workers are employed contributing EUR 1.3 trillion of Gross Value Added (GVA) to the European economy. Research and higher education in the field of Physical Sciences therefore has a very big impact on the European economy. Research infrastructures of pan-European interest meet the needs of the European scientific community in every field of research regardless of geographic area.
There are three main themes: Astronomy and Astroparticle Physics, Particle and Nuclear Physics, and Analytical Physics. Over the last 10 years, more than 50 research projects have been carried out in the fields under the leadership of Europe, laying the foundations for the further development and utilization of human resources and the excellent European-interest infrastructures created around the world. Among other things, we will refer to:
E-ELT (European Extremely Large Telescope): The largest telescopic eye that humanity will have to discover the Universe
- HL-LHC (High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider): The world’s most powerful high-activity particle accelerator, buried hundreds of meters below ground in CERN.
- KM3NeT 2.0: A pan-European network of neutrinos detectors from the cosmic universe submerged in various parts of the Mediterranean
- SKA (Square Kilometer Array): The largest radio telescope on earth to detect the origin of life in the Universe
- Cherenkov Telescope Array: A high-energy gamma array detector for detecting the non-thermal Universe
- EST (European Solar Telescope): A pioneering telescope for monitoring the magnetic activity of the Sun
- ELI (Extreme Light Infrastructure): The strongest and fastest lasers to discover the light and matter interaction.
- EMFL (European Magnetic Field Laboratory): A unique attempt to produce the strongest magnetic fields that can be achieved.
Dr. Eleni Hatzichristou, is an astrophysicist. She has been a researcher at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Yale University, Paris Observatory, European Southern Observatory, and National Observatory of Athens. For many years he has been involved in the design and implementation of European research projects in Astronomy & Space.
There will be a debate.
The event takes place with the support of the Chamber of Dodecanese.
Entrance is free to the public. Monitoring attestations will be given.
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(Article updated on 19/04/2016)